• Post category:Facts / Geography
  • Reading time:2 mins read

India is the biggest democratic country present in south Asia and the second-most populous country after china In the world. The geography of India is quite interesting and also very important.

So in this post, we are going to list some of the important geographical facts about India.

List of 15 Most Important Geographical Facts About India

  1. India occupies a total area of 32,87,263 km², which is about 2.4% of Earth’s surface and it is the 7th largest country in terms of area.
  2. India shares land borders with China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Pakistan and a maritime border with Srilanka.
  3. Bangladesh shares its maximum border with India.
  4. India has 28 states and 8 union territories. The states and union territories further divided into districts and smaller administrative divisions.
  5. Gujarat has the longest coastline border among all states of India.
  6. Andaman is the largest island in India, while Majuli is the largest river island in the world, present in the northeast state of Assam, India.
  7. India has only one desert, the Thar desert, located in the state of Rajasthan, India. It covers a total area of 238,254 km².
  8. The Ganges is the longest river flowing through India with an approximate length of 2,510 km and empties in the Bay of bengal.
  9. The Himilayas mountain range is the highest mountain range in the world, with a maximum elevation of 8,848 m and the Aravallis is the oldest mountain range of India, where as, Kanchenjunga is the highest mountain peak of India with an elevation  of 8,586 m.
  10. Sundarbans Delta, also known as the Ganges Delta is the worlds largest delta present in the Westbengal state of India. The delta is formed because of the Ganges river and Brahmaputra river.
  11. Forest covers 24.56% of surface area of India and Madhya Pradesh has the highest forest coverage among all states of India.
  12. Rajasthan is the largest state in India by area followed by Madhya Pradesh, Maharashta and Uttarpradesh.
  13. Uttarpradesh is the most populous state of India followed by Maharashtra and Bihar.
  14. Near about 64% of india’s population engaged in agriculture and 50 percent of total surface area is under cultivation. Here you can read about different crops in India
  15. Deccan Platue is the largest platue of India , where as Ladakh platue i the highest platue of India.

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