Different Types of Crops in India
Crops are plants of the same origin, that are produced on large scale for commercial or subsistence purpose. Different crops need different climate conditions and environment. However, some crops need a similar climate and environment. So there are basically two major types of crops depending upon their environmental and climatic need; are Kharif Crops and Rabi Crops.
Kharif crops are some domesticated plants, cultivated and harvested in the Indian subcontinent (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh) during the monsoon season, which lasts from the month of June to the month of November depending upon the area. Kharif crops are also recognised as monsoon crops or autumn crops.
In some states, Monsoon rains may begin as early as May and so as the plantation of Kharif crops. The Kharif crops are generally harvested from the third week of September to October and in some parts early November. Some of the widely harvested Kharif crops are rice, maize, and cotton in India.
Rabi crops also known as rabi harvest, are farming crops that are planted in the winter season and harvested in the spring season in the Indian subcontinent.
The rabi crops are planted in mid-November, generally after the monsoon rains, and harvesting begins in the month of April or May depending upon the region. The crops are grown generally using irrigation. heavy rain in the winter season usually spoils the rabi crops.
Few examples of Ravi crops in India are wheat, barley, mustard, sesame and peas.
Difference Between Kharif Crops And Ravi Crops
|Kharif Crops||Ravi Crops|
|Kharif crops are planted in the month of May and normally before the beginning of monsoon rains.||Rabi crops are planted in the month of November preferably after the monsoon rains.|
|These crops are also known as monsoon crops or autumn crops.||These crops are known as spring or winter crops.|
|Requires hot weather and a large amount of water to grow.||Requires a warm climate for seed germination and a cold climate to grow.|
|The harvest season of Kharif crops is usually between October and November depending on the region and climate.||The harvest season of Ravi crops is generally between April and May depending upon the region and climate.|
|Examples of Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc.||Examples of some Rabi crops are wheat, gram, peas, barley etc.|
|“Kharif” means “autumn season” in Arabic||“Rabi” means “spring season” in Arabic|