Top 10 Major Ports In India 2021: Sea transport has been playing a very important role in the Indian economy since the primaeval ages. It is a cheap and easy means of exports and imports of heavy containers. The role of seaports becomes more important with passing time.

In India, around 95% of foreign trades are done via sea transport according to the Ministry of Shipping, India. So In this article, we are going to list the Top 10 Major Ports In India.

1. Mumbai Port

Mumbai Port Trust, earlier known as the Bombay Port Trust is a port that presents on the West coast of India, on the natural deep-water harbour of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Its harbour spread over 400 square kilometres and it is covered by Konkan to its east and north and Mumbai to its west. The harbour opens to the Arabian Sea.

The port is controlled by the Mumbai Port Trust, an autonomous organisation completely owned by the Government of India. The port is mainly used for bulk and heavy cargo, while most of the container traffic is redirected to Nhava Sheva port across the harbour. [Source]

2. Kandla Port

Kandla Port is present in the Kutch District of Gujarat, India, near the city Gandhidham. It is one of the major seaports in India, Located on the Gulf of Kutch. Due to the partition of India departing the port of Karachi in Pakistan this Port was constructed in the 1950s as the chief seaport serving western India.

Kandla port is the largest port of India by volume of cargo handled and it is India’s busiest major port in recent years and increasing its cargo capacity with private sector participation. The Port of Kandla is around 256 nautical miles southeast of the Port of Karachi in Pakistan and over 430 nautical miles north-northwest of the Port of Mumbai. [Source]

3. Chennai Port

Chennai Port, earlier known as the Madras Port, is one of the largest container ports of India, and only behind Mumbai’s Nhava Sheva. it is the largest port operating in the Bay of Bengal. It is one of the oldest ports and its operations beginning in 1881.

It is a man-made and all-season port with wet docks. It is one of the primary reasons for the economic growth of Tamil Nadu state, particularly for the manufacturing growth in South India, and has contributed greatly to the development of Chennai city. It is a hub port for containers, cars, and project cargo on the east coast, India. [Source]

4. Cochin Port

Cochin Port, also known as Kochi Port is one of the major ports on the Arabian Sea, Laccadive Sea, Indian Ocean sea-route. It is one of the largest ports in India and among the first transhipment port in India. The International Container Transshipment Terminal is one of the largest container shipment facilities in India is a part of this port.

The port is controlled by the Cochin Port Trust completely owned by the government of India. The trust was established in 1928 with more than 90 years of active service.

The Cochin Port hosts the Cochin Shipyard, the largest shipbuilding and ship maintenance facility in India, the SPM facility of the Kochi Refineries, an offshore crude carrier mooring facility, and the Kochi Marina. [Source]

5. Kolkata Port

Kolkata Port, formally known as Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust, is the only freshwater major port of India located and the port is situated around 203 kilometres from the sea, in the city of Kolkata, Westbengal. It is one of the oldest operating ports in India and it was constructed by the British East India Company.

The port is used to be the major port in India during British rule for shipping sugar cane to other British colonies but after independence, the port’s importance decreased mainly because of the partition of WestBengal.

As of 2020, the port is competent enough to process 650,000 containers annually, mostly from Nepal, Bhutan, and Indian states like West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Other North East Hill States. [Source]

6. Visakhapatnam Port

Visakhapatnam Port, also known as Vizag port is one of the major ports in India and it is India’s third-largest state-owned port by volume of shipload handled and it is the largest port on the Eastern Coast. The port is located in the city of Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India, and build on the Bay of Bengal sea.

The port serves states like northeastern Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, southern Orissa. The major commodities like Iron ore, manganese ore, steel products, general cargo, coal, and crude oil are handled in this port. [Source]

7. Kamarajar Port Limited

Kamarajar Port Limited, earlier known as Ennore Port, is one of the major ports in India and it is located on the Coromandel Coast about 18 km north of Chennai Port. It is also the first port in India which is a public limited company.

around 67% stake of the Kamarajar Port Limited is owned by the government of India and the rest 23% was held Chennai Port Trust. The port also attracted an investment of ₹ 26,000 million by private entrepreneurs on various terminals and harbour. It is also one of the most efficient ports with just 86 employees. [Source]

8. Paradip Port

Paradip Port is also one of the major ports in India and it is a natural, deep-water port on the East coast of India in Jagatsinghpur, Odisha, India. The port is built on the confluence of the Mahanadi river and the Bay of Bengal.

The port is managed and controlled by the Paradip Port Trust (PPT), an independent organisation completely owned by the Government of India.

The former chief minister of Odisha late Biju Patnaik was the founding father of Paradip Port. Paradip Port is the only Major Port in the State of Odisha and lays between the Kolkata Port and Vishakhapatnam Port. [Official Website]

9. V. O. Chidambaranar Port Trust

V. O. Chidambaranar Port Trust is the second-largest port in Tamil Nadu and one of the major ports in India. The port was declared to be a major port on 11 July 1974. It is also the fourth-largest container terminal in India.

It is an artificial port and this is also the third international port in Tamil Nadu and its second all-weather port. The port has services to countries like the USA, China, Europe, Sri Lanka, and other Mediterranean countries. [Source]

10. Port Blair Port

Port Blair Port is located in the South Andaman district of Andaman and Nicobar, India, near the city of Port Blair. It is one of the major ports in India and controlled by the Port Blair Port Trust owned by the government of India.

According to the provision of the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963, from June 1, 2010, Port Blair becomes one of the major ports in India and the only major port in Andaman and Nicobar island.

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